The technological advances in digitalization are making it possible to innovate throughout the film production cycle. Not only the playback is switched from analogue to digital material, also the production and distribution undergo changes. The following figure explains the individual steps of production.
In pre-production scripts and storyboards are digitally produced. Appropriate access enables collaborative, asynchronous work. Changes to the text can be quickly implemented or edited. Drawings for the storyboard can be made directly via drawing tablets as digital images. Images can be supplemented or modified, or color variations can be tested, and additional layers added via compositing. Previsualizations such as animatics provide a time-based sequence of images to set the action, timing and moods of the scenes, often sound layers such as speech, music and noise are applied to the images. Single images, sound levels or timing can be easily changed and tested directly.
Movie Production Process- Detailed Review
In the production the scenes are created in picture and sound. High-resolution digital film cameras are finding increasing use. A great advantage of digital material is the ability to directly control the shot scenes. No analogue footage needs to be developed overnight, the digital recordings can be viewed on-site and checked for quality.
The generated material can be sent to post production with a data connection or on a data carrier. There, image and sound are processed digitally. Animations and special effects can be inserted. Since these are almost exclusively computer-generated today, the digital recordings save a lot of time for the otherwise required step of the rollfilm scan. The material can also be cut at corresponding workstations with, for example, Avid or Final Cut digital. Pre-release versions can be used, for example, for test screenings or acceptances. Finally, digital mastering takes place, in which the final version of the film is played out as a Digital Source Master (DSM) and forwarded to the distributor.
Movie Production Process Secrets
On behalf of the distributor, a playout center or copier takes over the archiving of the high-resolution masters and the duplication of the film on digital data carriers for the cinemas. A Digital Cinema Distribution Master (DCDM) is created. It includes all projection-related data, such as image, sound, different language versions and subtitles. There is the possibility of extension with individual codecs.
In the distribution, the shipping takes place by means of data carriers or via data transfer in the push or pull principle. Encryption is required to protect against piracy. So-called intermediaries assume the loss-free transmission of the data via data line.
In the projection room of the cinema, the films are dubbed onto the server or integrated with special hard disks as a removable disk. Together with the digital keys, the films are released for the screening and prepared for the playback, the projection. Peripheral systems can be combined with upstream product and trailer advertising and systematized processes can be controlled together with the Theater Management System (TMS).
The individual steps make it clear how work processes are changing as a result of the progressing digitization. Collaboration can be made more collaborative, decentralized and efficient. While the first steps have already increasingly left the analogue sector, the digital projection is lagging behind. It is important to use synergies and to occupy business areas. So, spit in your hands and fabricate 1 and 0!